Superconcentrated Hydrochloric Acid
Huang, Kun2; Zhou, Hui2,3; He, Anqi2; Sun, Yan1,2; Liu, Yufeng2,4; Gao, Xiuxiang2; Zhao, Ying4; Liu, Shaoxuan2; Li, Zhihong5; Hu, Tiandou5; Li, Xiaopei1,2; Liu, Cuige1; Wei, Yongju1; Yang, Limin6; Feng, Juan7; Cai, Yuanli3; Yang, Zhanlan2; Xu, Yizhuang2; Noda, Isao8; Wu, Jinguang2
AbstractWe report the discovery of a potentially useful superconcentrated HCl at ambient temperature and pressure by using a simple surfactant-based reversed micelle system. Surprisingly, the molar ratios of H(+) to H(2)O (denoted as n(H+)/n(H2O)) in superconcentrated HCl can be larger than 5, while the maximum achievable n(H+)/n(H2O) value for conventional saturated HCl aqueous solution (37 wt %) is only about 0.28. Furthermore, both NMR and FT-IR results indicate that a significant amount of HCl remains in the molecular form rather than being ionized into H(+) and Cl(-). The superconcentrated HCl may promote some organic reactions that are not feasible by using conventional 37 wt % HCl solution. For example, addition reaction between C=C and HCl occurs in superconcentrated HCl solution without using catalysts.
Indexed BySCI
WOS IDWOS:000291709500013
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Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWei, Yongju
Affiliation1.Hebei Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Mat Sci, Shijiazhuang 050016, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Beijing Natl Lab Mol Sci, State Key Lab Rare Earth Mat Chem & Applicat, Coll Chem & Mol Engn, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Soochow Univ, Jiangsu Key Lab Adv Funct Polymer Design & Applic, Dept Polymer Sci & Engn, Coll Chem Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Chem, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
6.Peking Univ, State Key Lab Nucl Phys & Technol, Inst Heavy Ion Phys, Sch Phys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
7.Univ Elect Sci & Technol China, Sch Life Sci & Technol, Chengdu 610054, Peoples R China
8.Procter & Gamble Co, W Chester, OH 45069 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang, Kun,Zhou, Hui,He, Anqi,et al. Superconcentrated Hydrochloric Acid[J]. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B,2011,115(24):7823-7829.
APA Huang, Kun.,Zhou, Hui.,He, Anqi.,Sun, Yan.,Liu, Yufeng.,...&Wu, Jinguang.(2011).Superconcentrated Hydrochloric Acid.JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B,115(24),7823-7829.
MLA Huang, Kun,et al."Superconcentrated Hydrochloric Acid".JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B 115.24(2011):7823-7829.
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