Effect of surfactant structure on the stability of carbon nanotubes in aqueous solution
Wang, Qi; Han, Yuchun; Wang, Yilin1; Qin, Yujun; Guo, Zhi-Xin
AbstractThe suspending behaviors of multiple-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), including pristine MWNTs (p-MWNTs) and acid-mixture-treated MWNTs (MWNTCOOH), stabilized by cationic single-chain surfactant, dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB), and cationic gemini surfactant hexyl-alpha,beta-bis(dodecyldimethylammonium bromide) (C12C6C12Br2) were studied systematically. The surfactant structure influences the suspendability of MWNTs dramatically as well as the surfactant adsorption behavior on the nanotubes. Although both the surfactants can disperse the MWNTs effectively, they actually show. different stabilizing ability. DTAB is not capable of stabilizing these two MWNTs below critical micelle concentration (CMC). However, C12C6C12Br2 can suspend both the nanotubes effectively even well below its CMC. Moreover, the adsorption of these two surfactants reaches equilibrium at twice the CMC with the original MWNT concentration of 2 mg/mL, 2 mM for C12C6C12Br2, and 30 mM for DTAB. After the adsorption equilibrium, the maximum amounts of the two suspended MWNTs in C12C6C12Br2 solution are about twice as much as those in DTAB solution. The strong hydrophobic interaction among the C12C6C12Br2 molecules and between the C12C6C12Br2 molecules and the nanotubes as well as the high charge capacity Of C12C6C12Br2 lead to its much stronger adsorption ability on the MWNTs and result in its superior stabilizing ability for the MWNTs in aqueous phase. The gemini surfactant provides a possibility to effectively stabilize the MWNTs in aqueous solutions even at very low surfactant concentration well below its CMC.
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WOS IDWOS:000256731900013
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Cited Times:58[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWang, Yilin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Chem, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Sci, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
2.Renmin Univ, Dept Chem, Beijing 100872, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Wang, Qi,Han, Yuchun,Wang, Yilin,et al. Effect of surfactant structure on the stability of carbon nanotubes in aqueous solution[J]. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B,2008,112(24):7227-7233.
APA Wang, Qi,Han, Yuchun,Wang, Yilin,Qin, Yujun,&Guo, Zhi-Xin.(2008).Effect of surfactant structure on the stability of carbon nanotubes in aqueous solution.JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B,112(24),7227-7233.
MLA Wang, Qi,et al."Effect of surfactant structure on the stability of carbon nanotubes in aqueous solution".JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B 112.24(2008):7227-7233.
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