Metal-free heteroatom-doped carbocatalysts with a high surface area are desirable for catalytic reactions. In this study, we found an efficient strategy to prepare nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur co-doped hollow carbon shells (denote as NPS-HCS) with a surface area of 1020m(2)g(-1). Using a poly(cyclotriphosphazene-co-4,4-sulfonyldiphenol) (PZS) shell as carbon source and N, P, S-doping source, and the ZIF-67 core as structural template as well as extra N-doping source, NPS-HCS were obtained with a high surface area and superhydrophilicity. All these features render the prepared NPS-HCS a superior metal-free carbocatalyst for the selective oxidation of aromatic alkanes in aqueous solution. This study provides a reliable and facile route to prepare doped carbocatalysts with enhanced catalytic properties.