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题名: Pyroglutamate aminopeptidase 1 may be an indicator of cellular inflammatory response as revealed using a sensitive long-wavelength fluorescent probe
作者: Gong, Qiuyu1; Li, Lihong1; Wu, Xiaofeng1; Ma, Huimin1
刊名: CHEMICAL SCIENCE
发表日期: 2016
卷: 7, 期:7, 页:4694-4697
收录类别: SCI
英文摘要: Pyroglutamate aminopeptidase 1 (PGP-1) can remove pyroglutamic acid from the N-terminus of a polypeptide, including some important anti-inflammatory proteins. Detecting the change and distribution of cellular PGP-1 in an inflammation process would be helpful to better understand the role of this enzyme. However, no report has been found on this subject, mainly due to the lack of a proper research approach. Herein, we develop such a new method by preparing a sensitive long-wavelength fluorescent probe combined with confocal fluorescence imaging. The probe, consisting of L-pyroglutamic acid and cresyl violet, exhibits high selectivity and sensitivity for PGP-1 under physiological conditions. With this probe, the up-regulation of PGP-1 in LO-2 cells under the stimulation of Freund's incomplete adjuvant and lipopolysaccharide (two main immunopotentiators) is revealed for the first time, and this up-regulation is also observed in typical phagocytic RAW264.7 cells, as evidenced by western blot and inhibition assays. Studies on the distribution of PGP-1 in cells using our probe showed that most PGP-1 is located in the cytoplasm, which is further supported by an immunofluorescence assay. Moreover, the inflammatory response induced by the immunopotentiators in either RAW264.7 or LO-2 cells is confirmed by measuring tumor necrosis factor alpha (a common inflammatory factor). The above findings indicate that cellular inflammation is accompanied by an increase in PGP-1, and PGP-1 may serve as a new indicator of cellular inflammatory response.
语种: 英语
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.iccas.ac.cn/handle/121111/35560
Appears in Collections:活体分析化学实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Chem, Key Lab Analyt Chem Living Biosyst, Beijing Natl Lab Mol Sci, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
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